Illustration by
Rockwell Kent for
Herman Melville's
Moby-Dick, or,
The Whale

(Chicago, 1930)


Whaling

Commercial whaling in the United States was established in the mid- to late 17th century and reached its peak around 1850. Nantucket and New Bedford in Massachusetts, and later San Francisco, were important centers of operation. Among the men who crewed the whaling vessels were many African-Americans and Native Americans. Voyages could last for years, and range far from American coasts. Men sailed to all parts of the world in order to meet a strong consumer demand for whale oil and for products made from baleen. The industry began to decline, however, in the last half of the 19th century, as fewer whales were available to catch (the population would continue to decrease) and, in particular, as petroleum replaced whale oil for lighting and lubrication.

Selected Resources in the Chapin Library

Frederick Debell Bennett. Narrative of a Whaling Voyage Round the Globe, from the Year 1833 to 1836: Comprising Sketches of Polynesia, California, the Indian Archipelago, etc.; with an Account of Southern Whales, the Sperm Whale Fishery, and the Natural History of the Climates Visited. London: Richard Bentley, 1840. 2 vols.

J. Ross Browne (1821–1875). Etchings of a Whaling Cruise, with Notes of a Sojourn on the Island of Zanzibar: To Which Is Appended a Brief History of the Whale Fishery, Its Past and Present Condition. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1846.   image

Catching of the Whale and Seal, or, Henry Acton’s Conversation to His Son William on the Whale and Seal Fishery. Salem: Ives and Jewett, 1838.   image

Owen Chase (1798–1869). Narrative of the Most Extraordinary and Distressing Shipwreck of the Whale-Ship Essex, of Nantucket, Which Was Attacked and Finally Destroyed by a Large Spermaceti Whale, in the Pacific Ocean. New-York: W.B. Gilley, 1821.   image

Henry T. Cheever (1814–1897). The Whale and His Captors, or, The Whaleman’s Adventures and the Whale’s Biography, as Gathered on the Homeward Cruise of the “Commodore Preble”. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1850.   image

Obed Macy (1762–1844). The History of Nantucket . . . Together with the Rise and Progress of the Whale Fishery. . . . Boston: Hilliard, Gray, 1835.   image

Herman Melville (1819–1891). Moby-Dick, or, The Whale. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1851. First American edition, first binding. The Chapin Library also has later editions, illustrated by Rockwell Kent, Barry Moser, and LeRoy Neiman.

The Whale, and the Perils of the Whale-Fishery. New Haven: S. Babcock, [ca. 1840].   image

Many of these books were given to the Chapin Library by O. Stuart Chase, Williams Class of 1954. Additional resources may be found through FRANCIS, the online catalog of the Williams College libraries, and as described in the Chapin Library exhibition handlist, Herman Melville: A Retrospective of His Works on the 150th Anniversary of Moby-Dick (PDF).

Availability

Only those materials listed in the Williams online catalog as “non-circ” are currently available for use in the Chapin Library/College Archives reading room in our temporary quarters at the Southworth Schoolhouse.

Useful Links

Text copyright © 2010 by the President and Trustees of Williams College
This page was last updated on 6 April 2010